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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2581\margr5007\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2581\margrsxn5007\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li977\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx4370 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 NYSA : MASSAGA{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-17 119}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li5\fi0\ri0\sb624\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 mder next attacked the hill-state of Nysa, \expndtw-2 >bably occupied a site on the lower spurs and \expndtw0 the Koh-i-Mor.\super 1\nosupersub  It was governed by a body \expndtw4 :racy consisting of 300 members, Akouphis \expndtw8 dt chief. The Nysasns readily submitted to \expndtw4 r, and placed at his disposal a contingent of \expndtw6 Iry. They claimed descent from Dionysos, \expndtw0 oof of it pointed out that the iyy grew in their \expndtw-3 ad that the mountain near the city was the same \expndtw1 , This gratified the vanity of Alexander, and \expndtw7 fore, allowed his weary troops to take rest \expndtw-5 [ge in Bacchanalian revels for a few days with \expndtw-1 distant kinsmen.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li79\fi0\ri0\sb223\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 the Assakenoi}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li2\fi0\ri7\sb149\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 inuing his advance, Alexander defeated the \expndtw2 >i (Sanskrit ASvakas or ASmakas, perhaps a \expndtw-3 f, or allied to, the Aspasioi), who opposed him \expndtw1 army of 20,000 cavalry and more than 30,000 \i\super\expndtw-1 1\nosupersub  \i0 besides 30 elephants.\super 3\nosupersub  Their main strong-\expndtw-3 tssaga\super 4\nosupersub  was considered almost impregnable, \expndtw-4 >tected on the east by "an impetuous mountain ith steep banks/' while to the south and the west d "piled up gigantic rocks, at the base of which \expndtw5 2;hs and yawning chasms".\super 5\nosupersub  These natural \expndtw8 3ns were reinforced by a deep ditch and a}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi0\ri0\sb278\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 History of India, \i0 4th ed., p. 57 note, \expndtw3 o infantry, according to Curtius (VIII, 10, M'crindle, \i\charscalex89\expndtw4 Alexander, \i0 p.  194).}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri24\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 a, IV, 26, \i Ibid., \i0 p. 66. The siege of Massaga is put \expndtw-3 :apitulation of Nysa by Arrian, and after it by Curtius. ification uncertain. Was it the same as Sanskrit Ma\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 a-\expndtw0 incent Smith places it "not very far to the north of the ass" (E.H.I., 4th ed., p. 57). is, VIII, 10, M'crindle's \i Invasion by Alexander, \i0 p. 195.}\par }